Artificial Intelligence for Beginners

Artificial Intelligence for Beginners

    Table of Contents

    • What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)
    • Why AI?
    • Goals of AI
    • Constituents of AI
    • Applications
    • Advantages
    • Disadvantages
    • Brief History
    • AI Levels
    • Types of AI
    • Jobs in AI
    • Future of AI

    What is Artificial Intelligence (AI)?

    The father of AI, John McCarthy, describes AI as the science & engineering of building intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs.

    So, in AI, we try to create machines that can perform cognitive thinking, perceiving, learning, reasoning, and solving just like a human does.

    Why AI?

    • We can create software or devices with AI which can solve real-world problems with better accuracy and deftness than a human being, such as in medical sectors, traffic issues, etc.
    • Google Assistant, Cortana, Siri, etc., are some virtual assistants that use the methodologies of AI.
    • We can build robots & machines which can work in an environment otherwise harmful for human beings.
    • AI is the gateway to new technologies, devices, and opportunities.

    Goals of AI

    To create expert systems: a system that exhibits intelligent behaviour- learn, reason, perceive, think, explain and advise its user. We wish to build systems that can learn and function intelligently.

    Constituents of AI

    AI is a technology based on many disciplines such as computer science, biology, psychology, etc. The biggest challenge is to build a machine/software that can mimic human intelligence. The following list enlists some areas which contribute towards the building of an intelligent machine:

    • Computer science
    • Psychology
    • Neuron science
    • Mathematics
    • Biology
    • Sociology
    • Philosophy
    • Statistics

    Artificial Intelligence for Beginners

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