Unlocking the World of Ethical Hacking: A Comprehensive Course for Beginners

London School of Emerging Technology > Blog > Unlocking the World of Ethical Hacking: A Comprehensive Course for Beginners
Unlocking the World of Ethical Hacking A Comprehensive Course for Beginners 10 april

Introduction to Ethical Hacking

As technology continues to evolve, so do the methods used by cybercriminals to exploit vulnerabilities in networks and devices. In this constantly changing landscape, the need for ethical hackers has become more critical than ever. In this article, I will provide a comprehensive guide for beginners who are interested in learning about ethical hacking.

What is Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking is the process of identifying and exploiting vulnerabilities in systems, applications, or networks. The goal of ethical hacking is to identify these weaknesses before they can be exploited by malicious actors. Ethical hackers, also known as white hat hackers, use the same techniques and tools as black hat hackers but with the permission of the system owner.

The Importance of Ethical Hacking

With the increasing number of cyber-attacks and data breaches, the need for ethical hackers has become more critical than ever. Ethical hacking helps organisations identify weaknesses in their systems and networks, and take measures to prevent cyber attacks. Ethical hacking is also important for ensuring compliance with regulations such as the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which requires organisations to protect personal data.

Types of Ethical Hacking

There are several types of ethical hacking, including network hacking, web application hacking, mobile device hacking, and social engineering. Network hacking involves identifying vulnerabilities in network infrastructure such as routers, switches, and firewalls. Web application hacking involves identifying vulnerabilities in web applications such as e-commerce sites and banking portals. Mobile device hacking involves identifying vulnerabilities in mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Social engineering involves using psychological manipulation to trick people into divulging sensitive information.

Skills Required for Ethical Hacking

Learning Ethical Hacking – Where to Start?

To become an ethical hacker, you need to have a strong understanding of computer systems, programming languages, and networking. You can start by learning the basics of computer science, such as algorithms, data structures, and programming languages like Python and Java. You can also learn networking concepts like TCP/IP, DNS, and HTTP. There are many online resources available for learning these concepts, including free courses and tutorials.

Ethical Hacking Courses and Certifications – CEH, CHFI, etc.

There are several courses and certifications available for those interested in learning ethical hacking. The Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) certification is one of the most popular certifications in the field of ethical hacking. The CEH certification covers topics such as footprinting and reconnaissance, scanning networks, enumeration, system hacking, and web application hacking. Other certifications include the Computer Hacking Forensic Investigator (CHFI), Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP), and Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP).

Ethical Hacking Tools and Techniques

Ethical hackers use a variety of tools and techniques to identify vulnerabilities in systems and networks. Some of the most commonly used tools include Nmap, Wireshark, Metasploit, and John the Ripper. Nmap is a network exploration and security auditing tool that can be used to identify hosts and services on a network. Wireshark is a network protocol analyser that can be used to capture and analyse network traffic. Metasploit is a penetration testing tool that can be used to identify and exploit vulnerabilities in systems and networks. John the Ripper is a password cracking tool that can be used to identify weak passwords.

Common Ethical Hacking Attacks and Prevention Methods

Ethical hackers use a variety of attacks to identify vulnerabilities in systems and networks. Some of the most common attacks include SQL injection, cross-site scripting (XSS), and phishing. SQL injection involves injecting malicious SQL commands into a database to extract sensitive information. XSS involves injecting malicious code into a web page to steal user information. Phishing involves tricking users into divulging sensitive information by posing as a trustworthy entity. To prevent these attacks, organisations can implement measures such as firewalls, intrusion detection systems, and security awareness training.

Ethical hacking involves accessing systems and networks without the owner’s permission. As a result, ethical hackers need to ensure that they are acting within ethical and legal boundaries. Ethical hackers should always obtain permission from the system owner before conducting any testing. They should also ensure that they are not violating any laws or regulations while conducting testing. Ethical hackers should also maintain confidentiality and not disclose any sensitive information obtained during testing.

Becoming an Ethical Hacker – Career Opportunities and Job Prospects

The demand for ethical hackers is on the rise, with many organisations looking to hire skilled professionals to identify vulnerabilities in their systems and networks. Ethical hackers can work in a variety of industries, including finance, healthcare, and government. Some of the most common job titles for ethical hackers include penetration tester, security consultant, and information security analyst. Salaries for ethical hackers can vary depending on experience and location, but can be quite lucrative.


Ethical hacking is a critical component of cybersecurity and is becoming increasingly important as technology continues to evolve. As a beginner, there are many resources available for learning about ethical hacking, including courses, certifications, and online tutorials. With the right skills and knowledge, you can pursue a rewarding career in ethical hacking and help organisations protect their systems and networks from malicious actors. Join LSET to learn ethical hacking and become a valuable asset to any organisation.

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